The influence of negative and affective symptoms on anhedonia self-report in schizophrenia.
Jarratt-Barnham I., Saleh Y., Husain M., Kirkpatrick B., Fernandez-Egea E.
BACKGROUND: Anhedonia, a symptom prevalent in schizophrenia patients, is thought to arise either within negative symptomatology or from secondary sources, such as depression. The common co-occurrence of these diseases complicates the assessment of anhedonia in schizophrenia. METHOD: In a sample of 40 outpatients with chronic schizophrenia, we explored both the validity of the Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) self-report for anhedonia assessment and those factors influenced its scoring. We assessed negative symptoms using the Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS), depression symptoms using the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) and cognitive impairment using the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS), before exploring associations between these scales. RESULTS: The SHAPS was validated for use in schizophrenia. SHAPS scores were not associated with negative symptoms or cognitive impairment, but were linked to a single Depression symptom: Hopelessness (r = 0.52, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: SHAPS scores, therefore, appear to only reflect anticipatory anhedonia arising from the affective domain. We advocate the development of multi-faceted self-report measures to more holistically assess anhedonia in schizophrenia.