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AIMS: To estimate the incidence of early treatment diabetic retinopathy study (ETDRS) level 47 and 53 and progression to treatment with panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) for proliferative DR (PDR). METHODS: Log-linear regression was used to estimate the incidence of level 47-53 or worse for 33,009 people with diabetes (PWD) in Gloucestershire during 2013-2016 by calendar year and diabetes type, based on the first recording. Progression was analysed in Gloucestershire and Bristol with a parametric survival analysis examining the association of baseline and time-varying demographic and clinical factors on time to PRP after the first recording of level 47-53. RESULTS: Incidence decreased from 0.57 (95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.48-0.67) per 100 PWD in 2013 to 0.35 (95% CI 0.29-0.43) in 2016 (p 

Original publication




Journal article


Eye (Lond)

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