Neurophysiological Correlates of Trait Impulsivity in Parkinson's Disease.
Ricciardi L., Fischer P., Mostofi A., Tinkhauser G., Torrecillos F., Baig F., Edwards MJ., Pereira EAC., Morgante F., Brown P.
BACKGROUND: Impulsivity is common in people with Parkinson's disease (PD), with many developing impulsive compulsive behavior disorders (ICB). Its pathophysiological basis remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate local field potential (LFP) markers of trait impulsivity in PD and their relationship to ICB. METHODS: We recorded subthalamic nucleus (STN) LFPs in 23 PD patients undergoing deep brain stimulation implantation. Presence and severity of ICB were assessed by clinical interview and the Questionnaire for Impulsive-Compulsive Disorders in PD-Rating Scale (QUIP-RS), whereas trait impulsivity was estimated with the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS-11). Recordings were obtained during the off dopaminergic states and the power spectrum of the subthalamic activity was analyzed using Fourier transform-based techniques. Assessment of each electrode contact localization was done to determine the topography of the oscillatory activity recorded. RESULTS: Patients with (n = 6) and without (n = 17) ICB had similar LFP spectra. A multiple regression model including QUIP-RS, BIS-11, and Unified PD Rating Scale-III scores as regressors showed a significant positive correlation between 8-13 Hz power and BIS-11 score. The correlation was mainly driven by the motor factor of the BIS-11, and was irrespective of the presence or absence of active ICB. Electrode contact pairs with the highest α power, which also correlated most strongly with BIS-11, tended to be more ventral than contact pairs with the highest beta power, which localize to the dorsolateral motor STN. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest a link between α power and trait impulsivity in PD, irrespective of the presence and severity of ICB. © 2021 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.