An Open MRI Dataset For Multiscale Neuroscience.
Royer J., Rodríguez-Cruces R., Tavakol S., Larivière S., Herholz P., Li Q., Vos de Wael R., Paquola C., Benkarim O., Park B-Y., Lowe AJ., Margulies D., Smallwood J., Bernasconi A., Bernasconi N., Frauscher B., Bernhardt BC.
Multimodal neuroimaging grants a powerful window into the structure and function of the human brain at multiple scales. Recent methodological and conceptual advances have enabled investigations of the interplay between large-scale spatial trends (also referred to as gradients) in brain microstructure and connectivity, offering an integrative framework to study multiscale brain organization. Here, we share a multimodal MRI dataset for Microstructure-Informed Connectomics (MICA-MICs) acquired in 50 healthy adults (23 women; 29.54 ± 5.62 years) who underwent high-resolution T1-weighted MRI, myelin-sensitive quantitative T1 relaxometry, diffusion-weighted MRI, and resting-state functional MRI at 3 Tesla. In addition to raw anonymized MRI data, this release includes brain-wide connectomes derived from (i) resting-state functional imaging, (ii) diffusion tractography, (iii) microstructure covariance analysis, and (iv) geodesic cortical distance, gathered across multiple parcellation scales. Alongside, we share large-scale gradients estimated from each modality and parcellation scale. Our dataset will facilitate future research examining the coupling between brain microstructure, connectivity, and function. MICA-MICs is available on the Canadian Open Neuroscience Platform data portal ( https://portal.conp.ca ) and the Open Science Framework ( https://osf.io/j532r/ ).