Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: A Review of Emerging Issues and Technologies.
Deeb W., Giordano JJ., Rossi PJ., Mogilner AY., Gunduz A., Judy JW., Klassen BT., Butson CR., Van Horne C., Deny D., Dougherty DD., Rowell D., Gerhardt GA., Smith GS., Ponce FA., Walker HC., Bronte-Stewart HM., Mayberg HS., Chizeck HJ., Langevin J-P., Volkmann J., Ostrem JL., Shute JB., Jimenez-Shahed J., Foote KD., Wagle Shukla A., Rossi MA., Oh M., Pourfar M., Rosenberg PB., Silburn PA., de Hemptine C., Starr PA., Denison T., Akbar U., Grill WM., Okun MS.
This paper provides an overview of current progress in the technological advances and the use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) to treat neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders, as presented by participants of the Fourth Annual DBS Think Tank, which was convened in March 2016 in conjunction with the Center for Movement Disorders and Neurorestoration at the University of Florida, Gainesveille FL, USA. The Think Tank discussions first focused on policy and advocacy in DBS research and clinical practice, formation of registries, and issues involving the use of DBS in the treatment of Tourette Syndrome. Next, advances in the use of neuroimaging and electrochemical markers to enhance DBS specificity were addressed. Updates on ongoing use and developments of DBS for the treatment of Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, Alzheimer's disease, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, obesity, addiction were presented, and progress toward innovation(s) in closed-loop applications were discussed. Each section of these proceedings provides updates and highlights of new information as presented at this year's international Think Tank, with a view toward current and near future advancement of the field.