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A 75-year-old caucasian female presented with sudden severe visual deterioration in one eye reduced from 6/9 to counting fingers (CF), with second eye reduction in vision from 6/9 to CF three months later. Past medical history included a background of proliferative diabetic retinopathy, uncontrolled blood pressure, and a 44-year history of poorly controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Previous ocular history included bilateral pan-retinal photocoagulation for proliferative diabetic retinopathy, followed by bilateral vitrectomies, with subsequent bilateral cataract surgery with intraocular lens implants. A diagnosis of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) was thought to be the most likely diagnosis due to sudden visual loss, pale discs, and previous long-term history of diabetes and blood pressure with variable control in the absence of a raised erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). However, at the time of the second eye visual loss, the inferior peripheral retina examination revealed bilateral pseudophakic intraocular lens dislocations. With spectacle correction of +11.50/-1.00 x 75 right eye and +11.50/-1.00 x 65 left eye, her visual acuities were 6/12 right eye and 6/9 left eye, and subsequent secondary intraocular lens insertion was planned. This case highlights the importance of a careful review of the whole eye to ensure that remediable causes of visual loss are not missed.

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acute visual loss, diabetic retinopathy, lens dislocation, low vision, medical education