Two cases of oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) with the rare PABPN1 c.35G>C; p.Gly12Ala point mutation.
Robinson DO., Hilton-Jones D., Mansfield D., Hildebrand GD., Marks S., Mechan D., Ramsay J.
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy is a neuromuscular disease usually presenting in the 5th or 6th decades of life with a dominant inheritance pattern. In almost all cases the cause of the disease is the expansion of a DNA repeat sequence containing GCG and GCA codons in exon 1 of the PABPN1 gene from 10 to between 12 and 17 repeats. However one case has been previously reported without the gene expansion but instead with a c.35G>C missense mutation converting a glycine codon to an alanine and resulting in a sequence of 13 contiguous alanine codons, thus mimicking the effect of the common expansion mutation. Here we report two further cases of OPMD caused by the c.35G>C point mutation. Clinical and pedigree data indicate the usual OPMD dominant inheritance pattern.