The Effect of Truncated Human α-Synuclein (1–120) on Dopaminergic Cells in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Parkinson's Disease
Michell AW., Tofaris GK., Gossage H., Tyers P., Spillantini MG., Barker RA.
α-Synuclein is thought to play an important role in the pathology of Parkinson's disease (PD). Truncated forms of this protein can be found in PD brain extracts, and these species aggregate faster and are more susceptible to oxidative stress than the full-length protein. We investigated the effect of truncated α-synuclein on dopaminergic cells using a transgenic mouse expressing α-synuclein (1–120) driven by the rat tyrosine hydroxylase promoter on a mouse α-synuclein null background. We found a selective reduction in the yield of dopaminergic cells from transgenic embryonic ventral mesencephalic cell cultures. However, in vivo the substantia nigra/ventral tegmentum dopaminergic cell counts were not reduced in transgenics, although these mice are known to have reduced striatal dopamine. When transplanted to the striatum in the unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned mouse model of PD, dopaminergic cells derived from transgenic embryonic ventral mesencephala were significantly smaller at 6 weeks, and showed a trend towards being less effective at ameliorating rotational asymmetry than those from control α-synuclein null mice. These results suggest that α-synuclein (1–120) renders dopaminergic cells more susceptible to stress, which may have important implications as to how this truncated protein might contribute to dopaminergic cell death in sporadic PD.