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BACKGROUND: The relationship between the larynx and the subclavian arteries was studied in a series of magnetic resonance images (MRIs) from 50 patients without neck pathology. METHODS: The vertical distances of the excursion of the subclavian arteries into the neck was measured, as was the distance from the cricoid cartilage to the highest point of this excursion. Statistical analysis allows the probability of any given cricoid-subclavian distance occurring in the population to be estimated. RESULTS: The mean (SD) excursion of the right subclavian artery above the clavicle was 10.4 (11.4) mm. The mean (SD) distance from the cricoid cartilage to the right subclavian artery was 30.6 (14.3) mm, and the data showed a high degree of variance. There was a linear relationship between neck length and cricoid-subclavian distance (r=0.58), which explained some of the variance in the latter, but there was also wide individual variance, which was independent of this regression. CONCLUSIONS: When performing a percutaneous tracheostomy, a 'safe' distance between the incision site and subclavian artery cannot be assumed or reliably predicted from the neck length.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Br J Anaesth

Publication Date

04/2003

Volume

90

Pages

452 - 456

Keywords

Cricoid Cartilage, Humans, Larynx, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Neck, Reference Values, Subclavian Artery, Tracheostomy