Treatment-responsive pandysautonomia in an adolescent with ganglionic α3-AChR antibodies.
Dale RC., Lang B., Brilot F., Polfrit Y., Smith GHH., Wong M.
Autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy (AAG) is a rare disorder that presents with pandysautonomia typically in middle age and elderly patients. AAG is typically associated with serum autoantibodies that bind to the alpha-3 subunit of the ganglionic acetylcholine receptor (α3-AChR Ab). We report a 13 year old girl who presented with gut pseudo-obstruction, bladder dysfunction and dilated pupils unresponsive to pilocarpine. She had positive α3-AChR Ab plus other autoantibodies suggesting an autoimmune diathesis. Our patient was initially resistant to steroid therapy but responded to the addition of azathioprine resulting in a near complete clinical remission. We conclude that pandysautonomia associated with α3-AChR Ab can occur in children and has multi-organ involvement.