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In a retrospective study of 60 patients under the age of 45 with ischaemic stroke the commonest likely predisposing factor was trauma, which applied to 13 (22%) patients. In 9 of these patients neck movement was the most likely factor that precipitated the stroke and was the factor identified in all the 3 who had damage to the vertebral artery. The other 4 patients had sustained direct trauma in the neck area, 2 as a result of attempted strangulation and 2 by carrying heavy loads on the shoulder. There may be a delay between the traumatic event and manifestation of the stroke, probably because the initial damage, which is most likely a small tear, is of no immediate consequence, and the stroke results after thrombus has formed over the tear and subsequently embolised.


Journal article



Publication Date





1435 - 1438


Adult, Age Factors, Carotid Arteries, Carotid Artery Injuries, Cerebral Infarction, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neck Injuries, Radiography, Vertebral Artery, Wounds, Nonpenetrating