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Recently, elevated titers of antibody to HTLV I have been demonstrated in patients with tropical spastic paraparesis and multiple sclerosis. We evaluated the possible role of human retroviruses HTLV I and III in Canadian patients with multiple sclerosis and chronic idiopathic myelopathy. Using sensitive enzyme immunoassays, we were unable to find antibody to either HTLV I or III in 201 patients with multiple sclerosis, 29 patients with chronic myelopathy, 51 patients with other neurological disorders, or 29 normal subjects. These data do not support a role for these viruses in the cause of sporadic multiple sclerosis and chronic myelopathy in a regionally based Canadian population, but do not exclude a role for other antigenically distinct retroviruses.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/ana.410200415

Type

Journal article

Journal

Ann Neurol

Publication Date

10/1986

Volume

20

Pages

533 - 534

Keywords

Antibodies, Viral, Canada, Chronic Disease, Deltaretrovirus, Deltaretrovirus Infections, HIV, Humans, Multiple Sclerosis, Nervous System Diseases, Spinal Cord Diseases