Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Objective: To identify whether metacognitive aspects are a specific mental pattern of primary insomnia (PI) or an aspecific correlate of sleep alterations. Methods: Sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: PSQI), anxiety (Self-rating Anxiety State: SAS), depression (Beck Depression Inventory: BDI) and metacognition (Metacognitions Questionnaire - Insomnia: MCQ-I) were evaluated in 24 PI patients, 13 snorers and 17 healthy controls. Rank-transformed PSQI, BDI, SAS and MCQ-I scores were submitted to one-way analysis of variance with group as a between-factor. PSQI was submitted to three-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with MCQ-I, BDI or SAS as covariate and group as a between-factor. Post-hoc analyses were conducted using pairwise comparisons with Sidak correction. Results: As expected, PSQI scores significantly differentiated the three groups, one from another: PI had highest scores followed by snorers and healthy controls. PI subjects had MCQ-I scores significantly higher than those of snorers and healthy controls; no difference between the latter groups was found. The ANCOVA on PSQI with MCQ-I as a covariate abolished the difference in sleep quality between PI and snorers, whereas covarying for BDI or SAS left the differences in sleep quality between the groups unchanged. Conclusion: These preliminary results lead to two main conclusions: (i) metacognitive aspects are more prominent in PI when compared to snorers and healthy controls; (ii) MCQI shows higher sensitivity in defining PI patients, with respect to PSQI. If these findings are confirmed and expanded by further studies, the development of a specific metacognitive model of primary insomnia may be warranted. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.sleep.2014.03.017

Type

Journal article

Journal

Sleep Medicine

Publication Date

01/01/2014

Volume

15

Pages

918 - 922