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Acquired color vision deficiency occurs as the result of ocular, neurologic, or systemic disease. A wide array of conditions may affect color vision, ranging from diseases of the ocular media through to pathology of the visual cortex. Traditionally, acquired color vision deficiency is considered a separate entity from congenital color vision deficiency, although emerging clinical and molecular genetic data would suggest a degree of overlap. We review the pathophysiology of acquired color vision deficiency, the data on its prevalence, theories for the preponderance of acquired S-mechanism (or tritan) deficiency, and discuss tests of color vision. We also briefly review the types of color vision deficiencies encountered in ocular disease, with an emphasis placed on larger or more detailed clinical investigations.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.survophthal.2015.11.004

Type

Journal article

Journal

Surv Ophthalmol

Publication Date

03/2016

Volume

61

Pages

132 - 155

Keywords

acquired color vision deficiency, color perimetry, color vision deficiency, color vision testing, dyschromatopsia, Color Perception Tests, Color Vision, Color Vision Defects, Humans, Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells, Visual Field Tests