Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: The 16-Year Long-Term Follow-Up (LTF) to the pivotal interferon-beta-1b (IFNbeta-1b) trial explored clinical, MRI, cognitive, and patient-reported outcomes. Here, we report the safety assessments. METHODS: In the pivotal study, 372 patients were randomized to placebo (n = 123), IFNbeta-1b 50 microg (n = 125), or IFNbeta-1b 250 microg (n = 124) subcutaneously every other day for up to 5 years. Sixteen years later, patients were asked to participate in this cross-sectional follow-up study. No particular therapy was stipulated during follow-up. Adverse events experienced since the pivotal trial were recorded. Neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) to IFNbeta-1b were measured using the myxovirus protein A induction assay. Statistical analyses were descriptive. RESULTS: In total, 88.2% of patients (328/372) were identified. Some centers achieved 100% ascertainment, obviating selection bias. Treatment-related adverse events (e.g., leukopenia and liver and thyroid dysfunction) reported by LTF participants were in keeping with those previously established. Based on a follow-up period that includes 2,000 patient-years of IFNbeta-1b treatment, no new adverse events were observed that were associated with long-term IFNbeta-1b exposure. By LTF, NAbs to IFNbeta-1b disappeared in the majority (76%) of NAb-positive patients. NAb status during the pivotal study appeared to have no impact on long-term clinical and MRI outcomes. There were more deaths among patients assigned to placebo in the pivotal study (20/109 [18.3%]) compared with patients who received IFNbeta-1b 50 microg (9/108 [8.3%]) or IFNbeta-1b 250 microg (6/111 [5.4%]). CONCLUSION: The results from the 16-Year Long-Term Follow-Up study support the long-term safety of interferon-beta-1b therapy in multiple sclerosis. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class III evidence that patients with relapsing-remitting MS taking IFNbeta-1b 50 microg or 250 microg subcutaneously every other day for up to 5 years, with subsequent unspecified treatment, have fewer deaths after 16 years of follow-up than similar patients on placebo for up to 5 years, with subsequent unspecified treatment (risk difference 11.5%, 95% confidence interval 4-19).

Original publication

DOI

10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181e240d0

Type

Journal article

Journal

Neurology

Publication Date

08/06/2010

Volume

74

Pages

1877 - 1885

Keywords

Adjuvants, Immunologic, Adult, Antibodies, Cross-Sectional Studies, Disability Evaluation, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Interferon beta-1b, Interferon-beta, Longitudinal Studies, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting, Outcome Assessment (Health Care), Survival Analysis, Time Factors