Sustained striatal dopamine levels following intestinal levodopa infusions in Parkinson's disease patients.
Politis M., Sauerbier A., Loane C., Pavese N., Martin A., Corcoran B., Brooks DJ., Ray-Chaudhuri K., Piccini P.
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate in vivo the ability of levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel infusions to produce sustained striatal dopamine levels and to improve clinical outcomes in Parkinson's disease patients. METHODS: Six advanced Parkinson's disease patients had serial [(11) C]raclopride PET to assess levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel infusion-induced rises in striatal dopamine as reflected by a fall in dopamine-D2/3 receptor availability. Parkinson's disease patients had baseline scan OFF-dopaminergic stimulation and 2 scans following initiation of levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel infusions. Striatal D2/3 binding was measured in striatal subregions corresponding to sensorimotor, limbic, and cognitive/associative function. RESULTS: Mean striatal [(11) C]raclopride nondisplaceable binding potential decreased by 14.0% to 16.7% in sensorimotor, 12.0%-14.4% in limbic, and 8.7%-11.6% in cognitive/associative function subregions at 1- to 10-hour points (P < 0.01). Sensorimotor subregion [(11) C]raclopride nondisplaceable binding potential reductions correlated with reductions in Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Part III scores over the course of the infusion (r = 0.81; P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel infusions generate a stable rise in striatal dopamine levels and are associated with improvements in motor manifestations. © 2016 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.