Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Exposure to ambient air pollution has been consistently associated with respiratory and cardiovascular disease. However, the neurological effects of air pollution have received little attention. It is suggested that the components of air pollution, such as particulate matter (PM) and specifically ultrafine particulate matter (UFP), may have the potential to extend beyond pulmonary organs to the central nervous system (CNS) and, ultimately, the brain. The transport mechanisms are not clear, although at least four possible routes have been proposed implicating PM and UFP in neurological disease processes. A limited number of studies have been undertaken to assess the role of PM and UFP in CNS diseases, including migraine, headache, stroke, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease. Considering the high prevalence of such CNS diseases, along with the frequent and increasing exposure to ambient air pollution, it is important to highlight possible associations with regards to preventative, monitoring, and control measures. This article aimed to review the literature in relation to translocation routes of PM and UFP and their potential role in neurological disease processes.

Original publication

DOI

10.1515/revneuro-2013-0001

Type

Journal article

Journal

Rev Neurosci

Publication Date

2013

Volume

24

Pages

323 - 335

Keywords

Air Pollutants, Air Pollution, Animals, Cardiovascular Diseases, Environmental Exposure, Humans, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Particulate Matter