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OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the aetiology of the links between sleep disturbance and anxiety and depression symptoms. The aim of this study was to estimate genetic and environmental influences on these associations. METHODS: Questionnaires were completed by 1556 young adults from twin and sibling pairs (61.5% female). RESULTS: Sleep disturbance was moderately correlated with symptoms of anxiety (r=.39) and depression (r=.50). There was substantial overlap between genes influencing sleep disturbance and those influencing symptoms of anxiety (rA=.58) and depression (rA=.68). Overall, the associations between sleep and symptoms of both anxiety and depression were mainly due to genes (explaining 74% and 58% of the covariances respectively), with the remainder due to nonshared environmental factors. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate phenotypic and genetic correlations between the phenotypes support the view that sleep disturbance is related to the presence of various psychiatric difficulties, but also warrants independent consideration and treatment.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.jpsychores.2011.03.011

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Psychosom Res

Publication Date

10/2011

Volume

71

Pages

250 - 255

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, Anxiety, Depression, Female, Humans, Male, Siblings, Sleep, Sleep Wake Disorders, Surveys and Questionnaires, Twins