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BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty regarding the frequency of adverse events while on a surgical waiting list. We assess the relationship between the duration of wait for cholecystectomy and the risk of emergency admission. METHODS: We analyzed time to emergency admission in a group of 761 patients who underwent cholecystectomy after being seen in clinic for biliary colic and placed on waiting lists at 2 acute care centres in Ontario, from 1997 to 2000. RESULTS: Emergency admissions due to worsening symptoms occurred in 51 patients (6.7%) waiting for elective cholecystectomy. The weekly rate of emergency admission was low during the first 19 weeks on the list, but increased almost by a factor of 3 after 20 weeks (rate ratio 2.7; 95% confidence interval 2.0-3.7). Relative to the first 4 weeks on the list, the rate was 1.6 times higher after 20 weeks, 2 times higher after 28 weeks and 7 times higher after 40 weeks. INTERPRETATION: The probability that a patient on a waiting list will be admitted for emergency cholecystectomy consistently increases with the duration of wait, particularly after 20 weeks.

Type

Journal article

Journal

CMAJ

Publication Date

30/09/2003

Volume

169

Pages

662 - 665

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Cholecystectomy, Confidence Intervals, Emergencies, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Ontario, Risk Factors, Time Factors, Waiting Lists