Background and Purpose- Transient global amnesia (TGA) is known as a benign syndrome, but recent data from neuroradiological studies support an ischemic cause in some cases, which might suggest an increased susceptibility to cerebrovascular events. We determined the long-term risk of stroke after a first TGA in 2 independent prospective cohorts. Methods- In 2 independent prospective cohorts of patients with TGA (OXVASC [Oxford Vascular Study], population-based; NU (Northern Umbria) cohort, TGA registry), cardiovascular risk factors and long-term outcomes, including stroke and major cardiovascular events, were identified on follow-up. Cardiovascular risk factors were treated according to primary prevention guidelines. In OXVASC, the age-/sex-adjusted risk of stroke during follow-up was compared with that expected from the rate in the underlying study population. Results- Among 525 patients with TGA (425 NU and 100 OXVASC), mean (SD) age was 65.1 (9.5) years and 42.5% male. Hypertension (58.1%), dyslipidemia (40.4%), and smoking (36.4%) were the most frequent cardiovascular risk factors. The risk of stroke was similar in the 2 cohorts, with a pooled annual risk of 0.6% (95% CI, 0.4-0.9) and a 5-year cumulative risk of 2.7% (1.1-4.3). Moreover, the stroke risk in OXVASC cases was no greater than that expected in the underlying study population (adjusted relative risk=0.73; 0.12-4.54; P=0.74). Conclusions- TGA does not carry an increased risk of stroke, at least when cardiovascular risk factors are treated according to primary prevention guidelines.
STROKEAHA119025720 - STROKEAHA119025720
From the Centre for the Prevention of Stroke and Dementia, Nuffield Department of Clinical Neuroscience, University of Oxford, United Kingdom (M.R., M.A.T., I.M., L.L., P.M.R.).