Bone turnover in pregnancy, measured by urinary CTX, is influenced by vitamin D supplementation and is associated with maternal bone health: findings from the Maternal Vitamin D Osteoporosis Study (MAVIDOS) trial.
Curtis EM., Parsons C., Maslin K., D'Angelo S., Moon RJ., Crozier SR., Gossiel F., Bishop NJ., Kennedy SH., Papageorghiou AT., Fraser R., Gandhi SV., Prentice A., Inskip HM., Godfrey KM., Schoenmakers I., Javaid MK., Eastell R., Cooper C., Harvey NC., MAVIDOS Trial Group None.
BACKGROUND: The pattern of change in maternal bone turnover throughout pregnancy is poorly characterized. OBJECTIVES: We investigated changes across pregnancy in a marker of maternal bone resorption, urinary C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), the influence of gestational vitamin D supplementation, and associations between CTX and maternal postnatal bone indices. METHODS: MAVIDOS (the Maternal Vitamin D Osteoporosis Study) is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 1000 IU cholecalciferol/d compared with placebo from 14 weeks of gestation to birth. Maternal second-void urinary α- and β-CTX were measured (ELISA) at 14 and 34 weeks of gestation; DXA was performed within 2 wk postpartum. The Mann-Whitney Rank Sum test, Spearman's rank correlation, and linear regression were used to compare median CTX values within and between groups from early to late pregnancy, and associations with maternal bone outcomes. RESULTS: In total, 372 women had CTX and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] measured in early and late pregnancy. CTX at 14 and 34 weeks of gestation were correlated in both placebo (r = 0.31) and cholecalciferol (r = 0.45) groups (P