Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We conducted a two-part study to assess the practice of withholding neuromuscular blockade until the ability to ventilate the lungs using a bag and face mask (mask ventilation) has been established following induction of anaesthesia. The first part of the study consisted of a postal survey (71% response rate) of 188 anaesthetists in the Oxford region to assess their current practice. Thirty per cent of respondents always checked mask ventilation before administering a neuromuscular blocking drug, whereas 39% of respondents (all them consultants) never did this. A further 31% only did so in the case of known or anticipated difficulty with the airway. In the second part of the study, we measured inspired (V(TI)) and expired (V(TE)) tidal volumes before and after neuromuscular blockade in 30 patients undergoing general anaesthesia. The ratio V(TE)/V(TI) was used as a measure of the efficiency of ventilation. There was no difference in V(TE)/V(TI) before [mean (SD) 0.47 (0.13)] and after [0.45 (0.13)] neuromuscular blockade. We conclude that neuromuscular blockade does not affect the efficiency of mask ventilation in patients with normal airways.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Anaesthesia

Publication Date

01/2003

Volume

58

Pages

60 - 63

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, Anesthesia, General, England, Female, Health Care Surveys, Humans, Male, Masks, Middle Aged, Neuromuscular Blockade, Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents, Practice Patterns, Physicians', Respiration, Artificial, Respiratory Mechanics, Surveys and Questionnaires, Vecuronium Bromide