Accelerating fibre orientation estimation from diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging using GPUs
Hernández M., Guerrero GD., Cecilia JM., García JM., Inuggi A., Sotiropoulos SN.
Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DWMRI) and tractography approaches are the only tools that can be utilized to estimate structural connections between different brain areas, non-invasively and in-vivo. A first step that is commonly utilized in these techniques includes the estimation of the underlying fibre orientations and their uncertainty in each voxel of the image. A popular method to achieve that is implemented in the FSL software, provided by the FMRIB Centre at University of Oxford, and is based on a Bayesian inference framework. Despite its popularity, the approach has high computational demands, taking normally more than 24 hours for analyzing a single subject. In this paper, we present a GPU-optimized version of the FSL tool that estimates fibre orientations. We report up to 85x of speed-up factor between the GPU and its sequential counterpart CPU-based version. © 2012 IEEE.