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Microelectrode arrays (MEAs) are designed to monitor and/or stimulate extracellularly neuronal activity. However, the biomechanical and structural mismatch between current MEAs and neural tissues remains a challenge for neural interfaces. This article describes a material strategy to prepare neural electrodes with improved mechanical compliance that relies on thin metal film electrodes embedded in polymeric substrates. The electrode impedance of micro-electrodes on polymer is comparable to that of MEA on glass substrates. Furthermore, MEAs on plastic can be flexed and rolled offering improved structural interface with brain and nerves in vivo. MEAs on elastomer can be stretched reversibly and provide in vitro unique platforms to simultaneously investigate the electrophysiological of neural cells and tissues to mechanical stimulation. Adding mechanical compliance to MEAs is a promising vehicle for robust and reliable neural interfaces.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s11517-010-0644-8

Type

Journal

Med Biol Eng Comput

Publication Date

10/2010

Volume

48

Pages

945 - 954

Keywords

Animals, Electric Stimulation, Equipment Design, Hippocampus, Humans, Microelectrodes, Microtechnology, Neurons, Rats, Tissue Culture Techniques