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Gordon syndrome (GS), or distal arthrogryposis type 3, is a rare, autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by cleft palate and congenital contractures of the hands and feet. Exome sequencing of five GS-affected families identified mutations in piezo-type mechanosensitive ion channel component 2 (PIEZO2) in each family. Sanger sequencing revealed PIEZO2 mutations in five of seven additional families studied (for a total of 10/12 [83%] individuals), and nine families had an identical c.8057G>A (p.Arg2686His) mutation. The phenotype of GS overlaps with distal arthrogryposis type 5 (DA5) and Marden-Walker syndrome (MWS). Using molecular inversion probes for targeted sequencing to screen PIEZO2, we found mutations in 24/29 (82%) DA5-affected families and one of two MWS-affected families. The presence of cleft palate was significantly associated with c.8057G>A (Fisher's exact test, adjusted p value < 0.0001). Collectively, although GS, DA5, and MWS have traditionally been considered separate disorders, our findings indicate that they are etiologically related and perhaps represent variable expressivity of the same condition.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.ajhg.2014.03.015

Type

Journal article

Journal

Am J Hum Genet

Publication Date

01/05/2014

Volume

94

Pages

734 - 744

Keywords

Abnormalities, Multiple, Arachnodactyly, Arthrogryposis, Blepharophimosis, Child, Child, Preschool, Cleft Palate, Clubfoot, Connective Tissue Diseases, Contracture, Exome, Female, Hand Deformities, Congenital, Humans, Ion Channels, Male, Mutation, Ophthalmoplegia, Pedigree, Retinal Diseases