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Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is markedly overexpressed in Alzheimer's disease. We found the IL-1A 2,2 genotype in 12.9% of 232 neuropathologically confirmed Alzheimer's disease patients and 6.6% of 167 controls from four centers in the United Kingdom and United States (odds ratio, 3.0; controlled for age and for ApoE [apolipoprotein E] genotype). Homozygosity for both allele 2 of IL-1A and allele 2 of IL-1B conferred even greater risk (odds ratio, 10.8). IL-1 genotypes may confer risk for Alzheimer's disease through IL-1 overexpression and IL-1-driven neurodegenerative cascades.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Ann Neurol

Publication Date

03/2000

Volume

47

Pages

365 - 368

Keywords

Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Alleles, Alzheimer Disease, Genotype, Humans, Interleukin-1, Polymorphism, Genetic