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Neuromodulation therapies offer a unique opportunity for translating brain-computer interface (BCI) technologies into a clinical setting. Several diseases such as Parkinson's disease are effectively treated by invasive device stimulation therapies, and the addition of sensing and algorithm technology is an obvious evolutionary expansion of capabilities. In addition, this infrastructure might enable a roadmap of novel BCI technologies. While the initial applications are focused on epilepsy and movement disorders, the technology is potentially transferable to a broader base of disorders, including stroke and rehabilitation. The ultimate potential of BCI technology will be determined by forthcoming chronic evaluation in multiple neurologic disorders.

Original publication





Publication Date





341 - 352


Bioelectronic medicine, Brain modulation, Brain-computer interface, Brain–machine interface, Deep brain stimulation, Neuromodulation