Dynamic Post-Transcriptional Events Governing CD8+ T Cell Homeostasis and Effector Function.
Salerno F., Turner M., Wolkers MC.
Effective T cell responses against infections and tumors require a swift and ample production of cytokines, chemokines, and cytotoxic molecules. The production of these effector molecules relies on rapid changes of gene expression, determined by cell-intrinsic signals and environmental cues. Here, we review our current understanding of gene-specific regulatory networks that define the magnitude and timing of cytokine production in CD8+ T cells. We discuss the dynamic features of post-transcriptional control during CD8+ T cell homeostasis and activation, and focus on the crosstalk between cell signaling and RNA-binding proteins. Elucidating gene-specific regulatory circuits may help in the future to rectify dysfunctional T cell responses.