Endoscopic Ipsilateral Interhemispheric Approach for Resection of Selected Deep Medial Brain Tumors.
McKinnon C., Voets N., Livermore L., Obeidat M., Plaha P.
BACKGROUND: The interhemispheric fissure provides a natural surgical corridor to access tumors of the deep medial surface of the brain. Conventional microscopic approaches to these tumors are limited by the narrow width of the interhemispheric fissure and need for retraction of brain tissue or traversing overlying cortex. Over the last decade, the endoscope has been used to improve visualization of the operative field in neurosurgery, with benefits in terms of surgical ergonomics and extent of tumor resections. In the context of the interhemispheric fissure, an endoscopic approach may improve visualization of some tumors by providing a brighter, more divergent light source at depth and by enabling the operator to inspect around curved structures (e.g., corpus callosum). CASE DESCRIPTION: In this report, we present a series of 5 cases with tumors at various locations along the anteroposterior extent of the interhemispheric fissure that were resected using an endoscopic ipsilateral interhemispheric approach. CONCLUSIONS: The endoscopic ipsilateral interhemispheric approach is an effective and versatile approach to resection of selected deep medial brain tumors extending anteriorly from the genu of the corpus callosum to the splenium. It has notable advantages over the microscope and can be considered a useful adjunct in the surgeon's armamentarium.