Sarcoidosis and neuromyelitis optica in a patient with optic neuritis - a case report.
Foster MA., Collorone S., Palace J., Acheson J., Toosy AT.
We present a case of atypical recurrent optic neuritis. A man in his 50s presented with right optic neuritis and profound visual loss, associated with elevated inflammatory markers. Lymph-node biopsy was consistent with sarcoidosis. Aquaporin-4 antibodies were also present. Three months following corticosteroid treatment, his right optic neuritis relapsed, again with raised inflammatory markers. He was started on azathioprine and prednisolone with good effect. A dual diagnosis of sarcoidosis and neuromyelitis optica with aquaporin-4 antibodies is very rare. Long-term immunosuppression is required. The case highlights the importance of identifying the features and cause of atypical optic neuritis.