Subthalamic dynamic neural states correlate with motor symptoms in Parkinson's Disease.
Nie Y., Luo H., Li X., Geng X., Green AL., Aziz TZ., Wang S.
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to discriminate the dynamic synchronization states from the subthalamic local field potentials and investigate their correlations with the motor symptoms in Parkinson's Disease (PD). METHODS: The resting-state local field potentials of 10 patients with PD were recorded from the subthalamic nucleus. The dynamic neural states of multiple oscillations were discriminated and analyzed. The Spearman correlation was used to investigate the correlations between occurrence rate or duration of dynamic neural states and the severity of motor symptoms. RESULTS: The proportion of long low-beta and theta synchronized state was significantly correlated with the general motor symptom and tremor, respectively. The duration of combined low/high-beta state was significantly correlated with rigidity, and the duration of combined alpha/high-beta state was significantly correlated with bradykinesia. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that motor symptoms are associated with the neural states coded with multiple oscillations in PD. SIGNIFICANCE: This study may advance the understanding of the neurophysiological mechanisms of the motor symptoms and provide potential biomarkers for closed-loop deep brain stimulation in PD.