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Cortical tissue injury is common in multiple sclerosis (MS) and associates with disability progression. We have previously shown that HLA-DRB1*15 genotype status associates with the extent of cortical inflammatory pathology. In the current study, we sought to examine the influence of HLA-DRB1*15 on relationships between inflammation and neurodegeneration in MS. Human post-mortem MS cases (n = 47) and controls (n = 10) were used. Adjacent sections of motor cortex were stained for microglia (Iba1+, CD68+, TMEM119+), lymphocytes (CD3+, CD8+), GFAP+ astrocytes, and neurons (NeuN+). A subset of MS cases (n = 20) and controls (n = 7) were double-labeled for neurofilament and glutamic acid decarboxylase 65/67 (GAD+) to assess the extent of the inhibitory synaptic loss. In MS cases, microglial protein expression positively correlated with neuron density (Iba1+: r = 0.548, p 

Original publication




Journal article


Brain Pathol

Publication Date



cortex, microglia, multiple sclerosis, neurodegeneration, neuron, pathology, synapse