Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Stargardt's disease (STGD1) is caused by mutations in the ABCA4 gene. Different lesions characterised by decreased autofluorescence levels are found in fundus autofluorescence (FAF) from STGD1 patients and could be used as outcome indicators for disease progression. We investigated the fate of foci with reduced autofluorescence (FRA) within the heterogeneous background of STGD1 patients using FAF imaging. Genetically confirmed STGD1 patients presenting heterogeneous background autofluorescence on high-quality FAF images at a minimum of two visits at least 12 months apart were chosen. A grid centred on the fovea was used to define five different zones. Within each zone, five FRA were randomly selected for each eye. The eccentricity of foci was determined at different time points for each patient. Analysis of 175 randomly chosen FRA showed consistent centrifugal displacement over time, most notably in eyes showing areas with definitely decreased autofluorescence. Interestingly, FRA did not leave an area of hypo-autofluorescence on FAF in locations where they were previously located. These findings may help to better understand STGD1 progression, improve FAF interpretation, and shed light on the nature of heterogeneous background.

Original publication




Journal article


Life (Basel)

Publication Date





Stargardt’s disease, definitely decreased autofluorescence, foci with reduced autofluorescence, fundus autofluorescence, heterogeneous background, kinetics