Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: The landscape of neurophysiological symptoms and behavioral biomarkers in basal ganglia signals for movement disorders is expanding. The clinical translation of sensing-based deep brain stimulation (DBS) also requires a thorough understanding of the anatomical organization of spectral biomarkers within the subthalamic nucleus (STN). OBJECTIVES: The aims were to systematically investigate the spectral topography, including a wide range of sub-bands in STN local field potentials (LFP) of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, and to evaluate its predictive performance for clinical response to DBS. METHODS: STN-LFPs were recorded from 70 PD patients (130 hemispheres) awake and at rest using multicontact DBS electrodes. A comprehensive spatial characterization, including hot spot localization and focality estimation, was performed for multiple sub-bands (delta, theta, alpha, low-beta, high-beta, low-gamma, high-gamma, and fast-gamma (FG) as well as low- and fast high-frequency oscillations [HFO]) and compared to the clinical hot spot for rigidity response to DBS. A spectral biomarker map was established and used to predict the clinical response to DBS. RESULTS: The STN shows a heterogeneous topographic distribution of different spectral biomarkers, with the strongest segregation in the inferior-superior axis. Relative to the superiorly localized beta hot spot, HFOs (FG, slow HFO) were localized up to 2 mm more inferiorly. Beta oscillations are spatially more spread compared to other sub-bands. Both the spatial proximity of contacts to the beta hot spot and the distance to higher-frequency hot spots were predictive for the best rigidity response to DBS. CONCLUSIONS: The spatial segregation and properties of spectral biomarkers within the DBS target structure can additionally be informative for the implementation of next-generation sensing-based DBS. © 2023 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

Original publication




Journal article


Mov Disord

Publication Date





818 - 830


Parkinson's disease, adaptive deep brain stimulation, closed-loop deep brain stimulation, deep brain stimulation programming, local field potentials, subthalamic nucleus, Humans, Subthalamic Nucleus, Deep Brain Stimulation, Basal Ganglia, Parkinson Disease, Electrodes