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BACKGROUND: Laboratory determination of autoantibodies against acetylcholine receptor (AChR), muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) and other autoantigens have been integrated into the diagnosis of myasthenia gravis (MG). However, evidence supporting the selection of methodologies is lacking. METHODS: In this prospective, multicentre cohort study, we recruited patients with suspected MG to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of cell-based assay (CBA), radioimmunoprecipitation assay (RIPA) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in detecting AChR and MuSK autoantibodies. This study is registered with, number NCT05219097. FINDINGS: 2272 eligible participants were recruited, including 2043 MG, 229 non-MG subjects. AChR antibodies were detected in 1478, 1310, and 1280 out of a total of 2043 MG patients by CBA, RIPA, and ELISA, respectively; sensitivity, 72.3% (95% CI, 70.3-74.3), 64.1% (95% CI, 62.0-66.2), 62.7% (95% CI, 60.5-64.8); specificity, 97.8% (95% CI, 95.0-99.3), 97.8% (95% CI, 95.0-99.3), 94.8% (95% CI, 91.9-97.7). MuSK antibodies were found in 59, 50, and 54 from 2043 MG patients by CBA, RIPA and ELISA, respectively; sensitivity, 2.9% (95% CI, 2.2-3.7), 2.4% (95% CI, 1.8-3.2), 2.6% (95% CI, 2.0-3.4); specificity, 100% (95% CI, 98.4-100), 100% (95% CI, 98.4-100), and 99.1% (95% CI, 96.9-99.9). The area under the curve of AChR antibodies tested by CBA was 0.858, and there were statistical differences with RIPA (0.843; p = 0.03) and ELISA (0.809; p 

Original publication




Journal article


Lancet Reg Health West Pac

Publication Date





Anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody, Anti-muscle-specific kinase antibody, Autoantibody diagnostic assays, Myasthenia gravis