Patients With Myasthenia Gravis With Acute Onset of Dyspnea: Predictors of Progression to Myasthenic Crisis and Prognosis.
Huang Y., Tan Y., Shi J., Li K., Yan J., Guan Y.
Background: Life-threatening myasthenic crisis (MC) occurs in 10-20% of the patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). It is important to identify the predictors of progression to MC and prognosis in the patients with MG with acute exacerbations. Objective: This study aimed to explore the predictors of progression to MC in the patients with MG with acute onset of dyspnea and their short-term and long-term prognosis. Methods: This study is a retrospective cohort study. We collected and analyzed data on all the patients with MG with acute dyspnea over a 10-year period in a single center using the univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: Eighty-six patients with MG were included. In their first acute dyspnea episodes, 36 (41.9%) episodes eventually progressed to MC. A multivariate analysis showed that the early-onset MG (adjusted OR: 3.079, 95% CI 1.052-9.012) and respiratory infection as a trigger (adjusted OR: 3.926, 95% CI 1.141-13.510) were independent risk factors for the progression to MC, while intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) treatment prior to the mechanical ventilation (adjusted OR: 0.253, 95% CI 0.087-0.732) was a protective factor. The prognosis did not significantly differ between the patients with and without MC during the MG course, with a total of 45 (52.3%) patients reaching post-intervention status better than minimal manifestations at the last follow-up. Conclusion: When treating the patients with MG with acute dyspnea, the clinicians should be aware of the risk factors of progression to MC, such as early-onset MG and respiratory infection. IVIg is an effective treatment. With proper immunosuppressive therapy, this group of patients had an overall good long-term prognosis.