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Respiratory problems are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with congenital myasthenic syndromes, a rare heterogeneous group of neuromuscular disorders caused by genetic defects impacting the structure and function of the neuromuscular junction. Recurrent, life-threatening episodic apnoea in early infancy and childhood and progressive respiratory failure requiring ventilation are features of certain genotypes of congenital myasthenic syndromes. Robb et al. published empirical guidance on respiratory management of the congenital myasthenic syndromes, but other than this workshop report, there are little published longitudinal natural history data on respiratory outcomes of these disorders. We report a retrospective, single-centre study on respiratory outcomes in a cohort of 40 well characterized genetically confirmed cases of congenital myasthenic syndromes, including 10 distinct subtypes (DOK7, COLQ, RAPSN, CHAT, CHRNA1, CHRNG, COL13A1, CHRNE, CHRNE fast channel syndrome and CHRNA1 slow channel syndrome), with many followed up over 20 years in our centre. A quantitative and longitudinal analysis of key spirometry and sleep study parameters, as well as a description of historical hospital admissions for respiratory decompensation, provides a snapshot of the respiratory trajectory of congenital myasthenic syndrome patients based on genotype.

Original publication




Journal article


Brain Commun

Publication Date





congenital myasthenic syndromes, respiratory, sleep study, spirometry