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Introduction: X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS) is a potential target for gene supplementation approaches. To establish potential structural and functional endpoints for clinical trials, a comprehensive understanding of the inter-eye symmetry, relationship between structural and functional parameters, and disease progression is vital. Methods: In this retrospective multicentre study, 118 eyes of 59 XLRS patients with RS1 mutations were assessed. Information from center databases included: RS1 variant; age at presentation; best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal thickness (CRT), macular volume (MV) at presentation and at the last follow up; full-field electroretinogram (ERG) findings; presence of peripheral retinoschisis and complications (vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment); treatment with systemic or topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (CAI). Results: Inter-eye symmetry revealed strong correlation in CRT (r = 0.77; p < 0.0001) and moderate correlations in MV (r = 0.51, p < 0.0001) and BCVA (r = 0.49; p < 0.0001). Weak or no correlations were observed between BCVA and structural parameters (CRT, MV). Peripheral retinoschisis was observed in 40 (68%), retinal detachment in 9 (15%), and vitreous hemorrhage in 5 (8%) patients, respectively. Longitudinal examinations (mean, 4.3 years) showed no BCVA changes; however, a reduction of the CRT (p = 0.02), and MV (p = 0.01) was observed. Oral and/or topical CAI treatment did not significantly alter the CRT (p = 0.34). Discussion: The XLRS phenotype demonstrates a strong CRT symmetry between the eyes within individual patients and stable BCVA over several years. BCVA exhibits a weak correlation with the morphological parameters of retinal thickness (CRT MV). In our cohort, longitudinal functional changes were not significant, likely attributed to the short average follow-up period. Furthermore, CAI treatment didn’t influence both morphological and functional outcomes.

Original publication




Journal article


Frontiers in Medicine

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