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BACKGROUND AND AIM: Rapid outpatient evaluation and treatment of TIA in structured clinics have been shown to reduce stroke recurrence. It is unclear whether short-term downtrends in TIA incidence and admissions have had enduring impact on TIA clinic activity. This study aims to measure the impact of the pandemic on hospitals with rapid TIA clinics. METHODS: Relevant services were identified by literature search and contacted. Three years of monthly data were requested - a baseline pre-COVID period (April 2018 to March 2020) and an intra-COVID period (April 2020 to March 2021). TIA presentations, ischemic stroke presentations, and reperfusion trends inclusive of IV thrombolysis (IVT) and endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) were recorded. Pandemic impact was measured with interrupted time series analysis, a segmented regression approach to test an effect of an intervention on a time-dependent outcome using a defined impact model. RESULTS: Six centers provided data for a total of 6,231 TIA and 13,191 ischemic stroke presentations from Australia (52.1%), Canada (35.0%), Italy (7.6%), and England (5.4%). TIA clinic volumes remained constant during the pandemic (2.9, 95% CI -1.8 to 7.6, p = 0.24), as did ischemic stroke (2.9, 95% CI -7.8 to 1.9, p = 0.25), IVT (-14.3, 95% CI -36.7, 6.1, p

Original publication




Journal article


Front Neurol

Publication Date





SARS-CoV-2, TIA, TIA clinic, stroke, time series analysis