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AbstractSleep disturbance is a prevalent and disabling comorbidity in Parkinson’s disease (PD). We performed multi-night (n = 57) at-home intracranial recordings from electrocorticography and subcortical electrodes using sensing-enabled Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS), paired with portable polysomnography in four PD participants and one with cervical dystonia (clinical trial: NCT03582891). Cortico-basal activity in delta increased and in beta decreased during NREM (N2 + N3) versus wakefulness in PD. DBS caused further elevation in cortical delta and decrease in alpha and low-beta compared to DBS OFF state. Our primary outcome demonstrated an inverse interaction between subcortical beta and cortical slow-wave during NREM. Our secondary outcome revealed subcortical beta increases prior to spontaneous awakenings in PD. We classified NREM vs. wakefulness with high accuracy in both traditional (30 s: 92.6 ± 1.7%) and rapid (5 s: 88.3 ± 2.1%) data epochs of intracranial signals. Our findings elucidate sleep neurophysiology and impacts of DBS on sleep in PD informing adaptive DBS for sleep dysfunction.

Original publication




Journal article


Nature Communications


Springer Science and Business Media LLC

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