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The purpose of this study was to compare the retention rate of Adeno-associated viral vector (AAV) gene therapy agents within different subretinal injection systems. The retention of AAV serotype 2-based voretigene neparvovec (VN) and a clinical-grade AAV serotype 8 vector within four different subretinal cannulas from two different manufacturers was quantified. A standardized qPCR using the universal inverted terminal repeats as a target sequence was developed. The instruments compared were the PolyTip® cannula 25 g/38 g by MedOne Surgical, Inc., Sarasota, FL, USA, and three different subretinal injection needles by DORC, Zuidland, The Netherlands (1270.EXT Extendible 41G subretinal injection needle (23G), DORC 1270.06 23G Dual bore injection cannula, DORC 27G Subretinal injection cannula). The retention rate of VN and within the DORC products (10-28%) was comparable to the retention rate (32%) found for the PolyTip® cannula that is mentioned in the FDA-approved prescribing information for VN. For the AAV8 vector, the PolyTip® cannula showed a retention rate of 14%, and a similar retention rate of 3-16% was found for the DORC products (test-retest variability: mean 4.5%, range 2.5-20.2%). As all the instruments tested showed comparable retention rates, they seem to be equally compatible with AAV2- and AAV8-based gene therapy agents.

Original publication




Journal article


International journal of molecular sciences

Publication Date





Nuffield Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 2JD, UK.


Animals, Grasshoppers, Parvovirinae, Dependovirus, Drug Delivery Systems, Genetic Therapy, Serogroup