Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Subthalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS) robustly generates high-frequency oscillations known as evoked resonant neural activity (ERNA). Recently the importance of ERNA has been demonstrated through its ability to predict the optimal DBS contact in the subthalamic nucleus in patients with Parkinson's disease. However, the underlying mechanisms of ERNA are not well understood, and previous modelling efforts have not managed to reproduce the wealth of published data describing the dynamics of ERNA. Here, we aim to present a minimal model capable of reproducing the characteristics of the slow ERNA dynamics published to date. We make biophysically-motivated modifications to the Kuramoto model and fit its parameters to the slow dynamics of ERNA obtained from data. Our results demonstrate that it is possible to reproduce the slow dynamics of ERNA (over hundreds of seconds) with a single neuronal population, and, crucially, with vesicle depletion as one of the key mechanisms behind the ERNA frequency decay in our model. We further validate the proposed model against experimental data from Parkinson's disease patients, where it captures the variations in ERNA frequency and amplitude in response to variable stimulation frequency, amplitude, and to stimulation pulse bursting. We provide a series of predictions from the model that could be the subject of future studies for further validation.

Original publication




Journal article


Neurobiol Dis

Publication Date



Computational modelling, Deep brain stimulation, Evoked resonant neural activity, Subthalamic nucleus, Synaptic vesicle depletion, parkinson's disease