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Subthalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS) robustly generates high-frequency oscillations known as evoked resonant neural activity (ERNA). Recently the importance of ERNA has been demonstrated through its ability to predict the optimal DBS contact in the subthalamic nucleus in patients with Parkinson's disease. However, the underlying mechanisms of ERNA are not well understood, and previous modelling efforts have not managed to reproduce the wealth of published data describing the dynamics of ERNA. Here, we aim to present a minimal model capable of reproducing the characteristics of the slow ERNA dynamics published to date. We make biophysically-motivated modifications to the Kuramoto model and fit its parameters to the slow dynamics of ERNA obtained from data. Our results demonstrate that it is possible to reproduce the slow dynamics of ERNA (over hundreds of seconds) with a single neuronal population, and, crucially, with vesicle depletion as one of the key mechanisms behind the ERNA frequency decay in our model. We further validate the proposed model against experimental data from Parkinson's disease patients, where it captures the variations in ERNA frequency and amplitude in response to variable stimulation frequency, amplitude, and to stimulation pulse bursting. We provide a series of predictions from the model that could be the subject of future studies for further validation.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.nbd.2024.106565

Type

Journal article

Journal

Neurobiol Dis

Publication Date

14/06/2024

Keywords

Computational modelling, Deep brain stimulation, Evoked resonant neural activity, Subthalamic nucleus, Synaptic vesicle depletion, parkinson's disease