Comparison of times to achieve tracheal intubation with three techniques using the laryngeal or intubating laryngeal mask airway.
Pandit JJ., MacLachlan K., Dravid RM., Popat MT.
We compared the times to intubate the trachea using three techniques in 60 healthy patients with normal airways: (i) fibreoptic intubation with a 6.0-mm reinforced tracheal tube through a standard laryngeal mask airway (laryngeal mask-fibreoptic group); (ii) fibreoptic intubation with a dedicated 7.0-mm silicone tracheal tube through the intubating laryngeal mask airway (intubating laryngeal mask-fibreoptic group); (iii) blind intubation with the dedicated 7.0-mm silicone tracheal tube through the intubating laryngeal mask airway (intubating laryngeal mask-blind group). Mean (SD) total intubation times were significantly shorter in the intubating laryngeal mask-blind group (49 (20) s) than in either of the other two groups (intubating laryngeal mask-fibreoptic 74 (21) s; laryngeal mask-fibreoptic group 75 (36) s; p < 0.001). However, intubation at the first attempt was less successful with the intubating laryngeal mask-blind technique (15/20 (75%)) than in the other two groups (intubating laryngeal mask-fibreoptic 19/20 (95%) and laryngeal mask-fibreoptic 16/20 (80%)) although these differences were not statistically significant. We conclude that in this patient group, all three techniques yield acceptable results. If there is a choice of techniques available, the intubating laryngeal mask-blind technique would result in the shortest intubation time.