Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

In mysathenia gravis (MG) autoantibodies directed against acetylcholine receptors (AChR), at the neuromuscular junction lead to muscle weakness. These antibodies are directed against extracellular determinants, predominantly on the AChR alpha subunits. Similar antibodies can be induced in animals by immunisation with purified AChR, but immunisation of mice with recombinant human alpha subunit or its extracellular domain has produced conflicting results. To study further the immunogenicity of the human alpha subunit we immunised four inbred stains (C57B1/6, SJL, BALB/c, SWR) with almost full-length recombinant alpha subunit, r37-429, and looked at B cell epitopes by mapping with smaller recombinant fragments and synthetic peptides. The majority of anti-r37-429 antibodies bound to sequences within a region thought to be cytoplasmic, alpha 325-368, and reacted with human AChR. In two C57B1/6 sera, only, most antibodies were directed against an extracellular region, alpha 138-167, but the r37-429 used for immunisation of these two mice appeared to have lost the integrity of its cytoplasmic domain during preparation. Our results suggest that the antigenicity of the cytoplasmic region of the recombinant alpha subunit dominates the immune response in each of the four strains, and may even suppress the formation of antibodies to the extracellular domain. Moreover, although C57B1/6 and SJL mice were able to produce antibodies to alpha 138-167, these antibodies did not react with intact AChR, and none of the mice became weak.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Autoimmunity

Publication Date

1994

Volume

18

Pages

113 - 119

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, B-Lymphocytes, Cytoplasm, Endopeptidases, Epitopes, Humans, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Inbred Strains, Molecular Sequence Data, Receptors, Cholinergic, Recombinant Proteins