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The four-vessel occlusion (4-VO) method of global forebrain cerebral ischemia mimics the human clinical condition of cardiac arrest. It results in selective neuronal damage and is a useful experimental system to dissect underlying mechanisms behind ischemic phenomena such as the differential susceptibility of CA1 compared to the CA3 region of the hippocampus. It also provides a "proof-of-principle" system for testing out potential agents for neuroprotection. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Original publication




Journal article


Methods in Molecular Biology

Publication Date





111 - 120