Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

CCBY Objective: Respiratory rate (RR) estimation algorithms based on the photoplethymogram (PPG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) lack clinical robustness. This is because the PPG and ECG respiratory modulations are highly dependent on patient physiology, regardless of general signal quality. The present work describes an RR estimation algorithm using respiratory quality indices (RQIs) which assess the presence or absence of the PPG- and ECG-derived respiratory modulations. Methods: Six respiratory waveform are derived from the amplitude modulation, frequency modulation, and baseline wander of the PPG and ECG. The respiratory quality of each modulation is assessed using RQIs based on the FFT, autoregression, autocorrelation, and Hjorth complexity. The individual RQIs are fused to obtain a single RQI per modulation per time window. Based on a tunable threshold, the RQIs are used to discard poor modulations and weight the remaining modulations to provide a single RR estimation per time window. Results: The proposed method was tested on two independent data sets and found that using a conservative threshold, the mean absolute error (MAE) was 0.71 & #x00B1; 0.89 and 3.12 & #x00B1; 4.39 brpm while discarding only 1.3% and 23.2% of all time windows, for each data set, respectively. Conclusion: These errors are either better than or comparable to current methods, and the number of windows discarded is far lower demonstrating improved robustness. Significance: This work describes a novel pre-processing algorithm that can be implemented in conjunction with other RR estimation techniques to improve robustness by specifically considering the quality of the respiratory information.

Original publication

DOI

10.1109/TBME.2017.2778265

Type

Journal article

Journal

IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering

Publication Date

18/12/2017