Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

<jats:p> Abstract. Background: Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is an autosomal recessive inherited multisystem disorder of the connective tissue caused by a loss-of-function mutation of the ABCC6 gene. It can affect the cardiovascular system, presumably leading to a high prevalence of atherosclerosis. Patients and methods: 46 PXE patients and 18 controls underwent an angiological examination consisting of measurement of ankle-brachial index (ABI), strain-gauge arterial reserve (SGAR), arterial resting perfusion, pulse wave index (PWI), central pulse wave velocity, and ultrasound examination. Results: With an average age of 51.4 ± 12.4 years, 35/46 (76.1 %) of the PXE patients had atherosclerotic lesions, and 10 of them (28.6 %) had a chronic vascular occlusion of one or more peripheral vessels. 34/46 (73.9 %) had a pathologic ABI &lt; 0.9, 15/42 (35.7 %) had a pathological SGAR &lt; 10 mL/100 mL tissue/min, and 23/38 (60.5 %) had a pathological PWI &gt; 180. The differences between the groups were statistically significant for ABI, arterial reserve, and PWI. Conclusions: In PXE patients atherosclerosis was found with a much higher prevalence than expected. Moreover, they were at very high risk for total vessel occlusions.

Original publication




Journal article




Hogrefe Publishing Group

Publication Date





47 - 52