Increased vascular occlusion in patients with pseudoxanthoma elasticum
Pingel S., Pausewang KS., Passon SG., Blatzheim AK., Gliem M., Issa PC., Hendig D., Horlbeck F., Tuleta I., Nickenig G., Schahab N., Skowasch D., Schaefer CA.
<jats:p> Abstract. Background: Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is an autosomal recessive inherited multisystem disorder of the connective tissue caused by a loss-of-function mutation of the ABCC6 gene. It can affect the cardiovascular system, presumably leading to a high prevalence of atherosclerosis. Patients and methods: 46 PXE patients and 18 controls underwent an angiological examination consisting of measurement of ankle-brachial index (ABI), strain-gauge arterial reserve (SGAR), arterial resting perfusion, pulse wave index (PWI), central pulse wave velocity, and ultrasound examination. Results: With an average age of 51.4 ± 12.4 years, 35/46 (76.1 %) of the PXE patients had atherosclerotic lesions, and 10 of them (28.6 %) had a chronic vascular occlusion of one or more peripheral vessels. 34/46 (73.9 %) had a pathologic ABI < 0.9, 15/42 (35.7 %) had a pathological SGAR < 10 mL/100 mL tissue/min, and 23/38 (60.5 %) had a pathological PWI > 180. The differences between the groups were statistically significant for ABI, arterial reserve, and PWI. Conclusions: In PXE patients atherosclerosis was found with a much higher prevalence than expected. Moreover, they were at very high risk for total vessel occlusions. </jats:p>