Phase-dependent suppression of beta oscillations in Parkinson’s disease patients
Holt AB., Kormann E., Gulberti A., Pötter-Nerger M., McNamara CG., Cagnan H., Little S., Köppen JA., Buhmann C., Westphal M., Gerloff C., Engel AK., Brown P., Hamel W., Moll CKE., Sharott A.
<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Synchronized oscillations within and between brain areas facilitate normal processing, but are often amplified in disease. A prominent example is the abnormally sustained beta-frequency (~20Hz) oscillations recorded from the cortex and subthalamic nucleus of Parkinson’s Disease patients. Computational modelling suggests that the amplitude of such oscillations could be modulated by applying stimulation at a specific phase. Such a strategy would allow selective targeting of the oscillation, with relatively little effect on other activity parameters. Here we demonstrate in awake, parkinsonian patients undergoing functional neurosurgery, that electrical stimulation arriving on consecutive cycles of a specific phase of the subthalamic oscillation can suppress its amplitude and coupling to cortex. Stimulus-evoked changes in spiking did not have a consistent time course, suggesting that the oscillation was modulated independently of net output. Phase-dependent stimulation could thus be a valuable strategy for treating brain diseases and probing the function of oscillations in the healthy brain.</jats:p>